Article Details

RRTC-EP Journal Article Database:
Article Details

Citation:  Schall, C.; Brooke, V.; Rounds, R.; & Lynch, A. (2021). The resiliency of employees with intellectual and developmental disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic and economic shutdown: A retrospective review of employment files. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 54 (1), 15-24.
Title:  The resiliency of employees with intellectual and developmental disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic and economic shutdown: A retrospective review of employment files
Authors:  Schall, C.; Brooke, V.; Rounds, R.; & Lynch, A.
Year:  2021
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-201113
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Systematic review / meta-analysis

Structured abstract:

Background:  While the health and economic impact of COVID-19 is becoming better known among the general population, little is known about the impact of the pandemic and recession on employees with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD).
Purpose:  The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent recession on individuals with IDD.
Data collection and analysis:  The present paper described the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and recession on the employment status, hours worked, and hourly wage of 156 individuals with IDD who work in competitive integrated employment for February to July 2020. These findings are compared with a similar group receiving services from the same agency in February to July 2019.
Findings:  Findings indicate that these employees were not able to work from home and experienced furlough or lay off instead. Further, the number of hours worked monthly was also significantly affected. Wages were not affected by the pandemic and recession. Employees in some industries, notably health care and distribution and supplies, were less affected than employees in other industries like food service, retail, and entertainment. Finally, and surprisingly, black, indigenous, and other people of color worked more hours monthly than their white peers in both 2019 and 2020.
Conclusions:  Implications of these findings are discussed.

Disabilities served:  Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Developmental disabilities
Multiple disabilities
Interventions:  Supported employment
Vocational rehabilitation
Customized employment
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment