Article Details

RRTC-EP Journal Article Database:
Article Details

Citation:  Wehman, Paul; Taylor, Joshua; Brooke, Valerie; Avellone, Lauren; Whittenburg, Holly; Ham, Whitney; Molinelli Brooke, Alissa; and Carr, Staci (2018). Toward Competitive Employment for Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: What Progress Have We Made and Where Do We Need to Go. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 43 (3), 131-144.
Title:  Toward Competitive Employment for Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: What Progress Have We Made and Where Do We Need to Go
Authors:  Wehman, Paul; Taylor, Joshua; Brooke, Valerie; Avellone, Lauren; Whittenburg, Holly; Ham, Whitney; Molinelli Brooke, Alissa; and Carr, Staci
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities
Publisher:  SAGE
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1177/1540796918777730
Research summary:  https://ep.vcurrtc.org/resources/content.cfm/1324
Full text:  http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1540796918777730   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  Progress toward competitive integrated employment (CIE) for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) over the last 40 years has been mixed. Despite evidence showing that supported employment interventions can enable adults with IDD to effectively get and keep jobs, national rates of integrated employment remain below a third of the working-age population. Progress is being made to improve these outcomes. Pathways have been identified that lead to CIE through supported employment, customized employment, internship experiences, and postsecondary education. The recent passage of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) has created fresh momentum and increased the onus on interagency collaboration. This article examines what is known about promoting CIE through these pathways and highlights recommendations for future research and policy change. Recommendations for the future provide direction toward positive change for CIE into the 21st century.

Disabilities served:  Severe physical disability
Interventions:  On-the-job training and support
Supported employment
Vocational rehabilitation
Community-based instruction
Customized employment
Outcomes:  Full-time employment
Other