Article Details

RRTC-EP Journal Article Database:
Article Details

Citation:  Papakonstantinou, Doxa (2018). Why should employers be interested in hiring people with mental illness? A review for occupational therapists. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 49 (2), 217-226.
Title:  Why should employers be interested in hiring people with mental illness? A review for occupational therapists
Authors:  Papakonstantinou, Doxa
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-180967
Research summary:  https://ep.vcurrtc.org/resources/content.cfm/1364
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  No
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  Stigma and discrimination against people with mental illness have a negative impact on their vocational integration. The rates of their labor force participation worldwide are still low. The reason for this, from the perspective of employers, is their reluctance to employ them due to a number of fears and concerns.
Purpose:  This review examines the literature of the last 25 years on the employment of people with mental illness to identify employers’ benefits from their employment and to provide recommendations for occupational therapists.
Findings:  The importance of employing individuals with mental illness is emphasized. This review identifies a research gap on the benefits of their employment from the perspective of employers, and presents the findings of studies that explore the benefits of employing individuals with disabilities.
Conclusions:  Information and greater awareness are pointed out to be the major ways of improving the employment rates of people with mental illness. The proposed challenge for occupational therapists is to demonstrate the effectiveness of their employment to all interested parties. Future research should focus on the economic impact of mental illnesses and on the outcomes of employing individuals with mental illness from the perspective of employers.

Disabilities served:  Anxiety disorder
Bi-polar
Depression
Personality disorders
Schizophrenia
Interventions:  Occupational therapy
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition