Article Details

RRTC-EP Journal Article Database:
Article Details

Citation:  Wright, T., Wehman, P., McDonough, J., Thomas, K., Ochrach, C., Brooke, A., Ham, W., Godwin, J.C., and Junod, P. (2020). Charity-oriented versus human resource-oriented perspectives: Investigating staff understandings of employment practices for persons with disabilities. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 51 (2), 146-167.
Title:  Charity-oriented versus human resource-oriented perspectives: Investigating staff understandings of employment practices for persons with disabilities
Authors:  Wright, T., Wehman, P., McDonough, J., Thomas, K., Ochrach, C., Brooke, A., Ham, W., Godwin, J.C., and Junod, P.
Year:  2020
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling
Publisher:  Springer
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1891/JARC-D-19-00022
Full text:  https://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrjarc/51/2/146    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  The purpose of this case study investigation is to understand how staff from a large multisite organization with demonstrated excellence in supporting persons with disabilities (PWDs) construct their understanding of disability and hiring practices related to PWDs. Better understanding how individual employees internalize organizational practices regarding PWDs is essential to facilitate expanded employment opportunities, enhanced organizational functioning, and more supportive work environments for PWDs. Drawing on the Theory of Planned Behavior, in this investigation we have sought to better understand how employees internalize (or do not) the organizational commitment to hire PWDs, and how individual employee understandings of PWDs negotiate (mis)alignments between their perspectives and organizational practices and values. Overall, we found fundamental differences in the understandings, motivations, rationales, support strategies, and concerns of participants related to the employment of PWDs. Even though participants in this study were recruited because of their direct involvement in supporting PWDs in the workplace, they articulate different definitions of disability, perceptions of organizational commitments, and investments in employment practices related to PWDs. We found that virtually each participant in this study is mission-driven, articulating a rationale for hiring and supporting PWDs that is connected to their perception of the organizational investment in the same. However, participants negotiate two very different rationales in articulating their perspectives—with one extreme being charity-oriented and the other human resource oriented. While some participants seemed to embody the elements of one extreme consistently, many incorporated elements of both in discussing their understandings.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Blindness
Cerebral palsy
Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Developmental disabilities
Dual sensory impairment
Hearing impairment
Multiple sclerosis
Multiple disabilities
Interventions:  Accommodations
Assistive technology
Natural supports
On-the-job training and support
Supported employment
Vocational rehabilitation
Transition services
Needs and resource assessment
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment